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Often referred to in the West as “scholar’s rocks”, gongshi have been collected by Chinese connoisseurs since the Tang dynasty (618-907). Appreciation of these ancient stones, along with Korean suseok and Japanese suiseki, began to develop in the West during the last decades of the 20th century*.

Though far too soft to endure for the centuries typical of gongshi, feather rock’s volcanic origins impart dramatic internal patterns worthy of appreciation, as revealed in this composition.

*Hu, K. (1999). The Spirit of Gongshi: Chinese Scholar’s Rocks. Chicago: Art Media Resources Ltd. p. 10.
**Gerstle, M. (2006). Beyond Suiseki. Arcata: Water Stone Press. pp. 15-23.

scholar's rock with fountain and palms
Dragon's Breath